Chicken pox is a common viral infectious disease. Chickenpox usually transmitted and caused in summer seasons. Papules over the body are the common symptom of the disease. Fever also occurred along with papules is also a symptom of chickenpox. it’s usually seen in months from January to June.
Mode of transmission
Chicken pox is usually transmitted through direct contact. Or through small droplets expired during coughing and sneezing may be also a reason for mode of transmission of chickenpox.
When virus enters the body it will enter the blood of the respiratory organs. Replication of the virus occurring there and it will reach it’s extend up to affecting the skin and it will continues. In the second step of the virus patient got increased body temperature, fever, fatigue, muscle pain, etc. After that papules and rashes will also occurred in the chest, back aspect of body etc. And it will transmitted al over the body
Chickenpox is usually occurred step by step. It is mainly caused by the virus known as vericella virus. It will not affect the Patients with previous history of chickenpox.
Signs and symptoms
Low grade fever, back pain, fatigue, shivering, is the initial symptoms of the chickenpox. It will last for a day. From three to four day of the initial symptom rashes will transmitted to face, extremities, also. Initially it is seen as rash and after that it will converted to papules with collection inside. And it will burst from 4 to 7 days.
Signs and symptoms will seen within 14 to 16 days of infection. It will last for about 21 days. It a high risk communicable disease so the chance of occurring of the disease is 90 percent
Control symptoms of the disease like fever and itching. Make it speed to control the symptom f the disease. Control the occurring of the papules and rashes. Cure the disease as fast as can. Is the main aim of the treatment of the chickenpox?
Paracetamol is usually using for controlling fever. Calamine lotion will help to prevent itching. Antihistamine also advisable in prevent itching.
Taking of antiviral drugs prescribed by doctors like acyclovir, is so much beneficial to act against chickenpox. It will help to prevent the replication of the virus inside the body. And it will help to reduce the number of papules occurring in the body. And it will also help to reduce the time of infection
In healthy children’s it will not affect badly. But it becomes severe in aged peoples. Bacterial infection between the skins is the most causative agent. Herpes zoster is the one of the most important complication of the chickenpox. But incidence of herpes zoster is too low.
Pneumonia: usually it is seen in aged people occur as a complication of the disease. It also occurred i peoples with pure immunity. It will make disease severe in pregnant women’s and low immunity peoples.
Prevention along with the disease
Take rest; don’t try to burst the papules, wear gloves to affected children usually time with increased itching. Increased itching is mainly occurring in night time.
In aged peoples prevention is done by bathing in light cold water using sponge. Pressing of calamine lotion over the papules will helps to reduce itching.
Consult doctor. Take medicines only according to doctor’s prescription
We all know in the present world incidence of communicable disease increasing day by day. In the vast range of communicable diseases chicken pox is the most important communicable disease. In India due to the population explosion chance for transmission of the disease is too high. Overcrowding in the community is also a main reason for the transmission of the disease. A virus named as vercella zoster or herpes virus is responsible for the disease chicken pox.
Occurrence of disease in pregnancy can cause lot of side effects to the child like handicapped or low grade immunity or maybe it will leads to abortion also.
Prevention of chicken pox is also important. Consult your doctor and take medicines only according to the advice of the doctor. Isolate the patient in any other areas to prevent the transmission of the disease.